File:Israel-2013(2)-Aerial-Jerusalem-Temple Mount-Temple Mount (south exposure).jpg|thumb|Aerial view of the Temple Mount, with Western Wall at left center.
The '''Western Wall''', '''Wailing Wall''' or '''Kotel''' (Hebrew language|Hebrew
: , transliteration|translit.
: ''''; Ashkenazi Jews|Ashkenazic
pronunciation: ''Kosel''; , transliteration|translit.
: ''Ḥā'iṭ al-Burāq'', translation|translat.
: the Buraq
Wall, or ''al-Mabka'': the Place of Weeping) is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City (Jerusalem)|Old City of Jerusalem
. It is a relatively small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known also in its entirety as the "Western Wall". The wall was originally erected as part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple
by Herod the Great
, which resulted in the encasement of the natural, steep hill known to Jews and Christians as the Temple Mount
, in a large rectangular structure topped...